西北行

2014年4月14日 sigma 2 条评论 34,909 views

上周,去了趟大西北,虽然很多地方应该夏天去,去的不是时候,但是也有好处,就是景点人很少,可以真正看景,而不是看人。

刚到吃的达记驴肉黄面,黄面和酱都不错

阅读全文…

debian包的结构和解包打包-从打包ubuntu12.10 linuxqq说起

2013年1月9日 sigma 7 条评论 175,549 views

作为2B青年,果断在mac下装了linux。今天想装QQ,发现报错了。

daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads$ sudo dpkg -i linuxqq_v1.0.2-beta1_i386.deb
[sudo] password for daohoo:
dpkg: error processing linuxqq_v1.0.2-beta1_i386.deb (--install):
 parsing file '/var/lib/dpkg/tmp.ci/control' near line 7 package 'linuxqq':
 error in Version string 'v1.0.2-beta1': version number does not start with digit
Errors were encountered while processing:
 linuxqq_v1.0.2-beta1_i386.deb

根据错误信息显示,不能安装的原因是新版的ubuntu要求版本号为数字开头,SB的腾讯却用v开头。因此,我猜想,只要重新打包即可(之前我通过重新打包的方法,也改过android QQ的尾巴)。过程如下:

1.ar解包:

daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads/linuxqq$ ar vx linuxqq_1.0.2_i386.deb
x - debian-binary
x - control.tar.gz
x - data.tar.gz

2.tar解包control信息:

daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads/linuxqq$ tar -zxvf control.tar.gz
./
./conffiles
./control

3.修改control文件:

sed -i "s/v1.0/1.0/g" control

4.重新tar打包control.tar.gz

tar -zcvf control.tar.gz ./conffiles ./control

5.ar重新打包debian包:

ar rcs linuxqq.deb debian-binary control.tar.gz data.tar.gz

6.安装:

sudo dpkg -i linuxqq.deb

BTW:介绍一下关于debian包的结构: 阅读全文…

分类: 折腾 标签: ,

Darwin(Mac OS X内核)特有的命令

2012年12月5日 sigma 没有评论 172,315 views

Mac OS X的内核是darwin,是一个BSD Unix的内核,相对于原始版本的unix,Apple在上面加了一些自己的命令,其中有些命令还是挺实用的,比如ditto,可以直接拷目录,并且在拷贝时压缩和解压缩(哥一直希望scp也支持压缩和解压缩)。下面是老外整理的一份列表(来源:http://www.matisse.net/osx/darwin_commands.html

Based on OS X 10.4.2, August 2005. Compiled in August 2005 by Matisse Enzer
COMMAND(man SEC.) DESCRIPTION INSTALLED LOCATION
BuildStrings(1) Programmer tool to generate .h and .r files. /Developer/Tools
ConsoleMessage(8) Send a message to SystemStarter. /usr/libexec
CpMac(1) Copy files preserving metadata and forks. /Developer/Tools
DeRez(1) Decompiles resources (programmer tool) /Developer/Tools
DirectoryService(8) DirectoryService daemon. See also dscl(1). /usr/sbin
GetFileInfo(1) Get Mac-only attributes of files & directories. /Developer/Tools
MergePef(1) Programmer tool. Merges “PowerPC Executable Format” (PEF) files. /Developer/Tools
MvMac(1) Move files, preserving metadata and forks. /Developer/Tools
PPCExplain(1) Programmer help for PPC assembly code. /Developer/Tools 阅读全文...
分类: 贝壳 标签: ,

Ubuntu/Debian从源码编译debian包

2012年12月1日 sigma 没有评论 24,091 views

Ubuntu源里有的软件:

ubuntu源里有的软件,理论上不用自己编译debian包,但是有时候,我们想对源里的软件做些修改,打些patch,就可以用这种方法,具体为:

1.获取源文件

源码包中通常包含3个文件,分别以dsc,orig.tar.gz和diff.gz为后缀名。
其中 .orig.tar.gz 是软件原始源码包,没有经过任何修改; .diff.gz 是将源码包 debian 化的文件,包含一些补丁和编译规则;.dsc 描述了源码包的信息,上述命令是解压源码和打补丁的综合操作。
使用apt-get source命令来获取源码包,它会将源码包下载到用户当前目录,并在命令执行过程中,调用dpkg-source命令,根据dsc文件中的信息,将源码包解压到同名目录中,应用程序的源代码就在这里面。
sudo apt-get source tree
另外,有时想用的源码包不是最新版本的,而是一些老版本。可以在新立得里面先强制版本。之后在执行命令。或者直接去old_archive.ubuntu.com上找老版本的dsc,orig.tar.gz,diff.gz等。
要强调的是,在下载源码包前,必须确保安装了dpkg-dev(执行”apt-get install dpkg-dev”来安装),否则,只会下载源码包的3个文件,但不会解压缩源码包。当然你也可以自己用dpkg-source命令去解压缩源码包:
dpkg-source -x tree-1.5.1.2.dsc 阅读全文…

分类: 贝壳 标签: , , ,

Linux on MIPS的syscall及id列表

2012年11月2日 sigma 没有评论 124,454 views

Linux on MIPS的syscall及id列表:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!-- Copyright (C) 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
Copying and distribution of this file, with or without modification,
are permitted in any medium without royalty provided the copyright
notice and this notice are preserved.  -->
<!DOCTYPE feature SYSTEM "gdb-syscalls.dtd">
<!-- This file was generated using the following file:
/usr/src/linux/arch/mips/include/asm/unistd.h
The file mentioned above belongs to the Linux Kernel.  -->
<syscalls_info>
<syscall name="syscall" number="4000"/>
<syscall name="exit" number="4001"/>
<syscall name="fork" number="4002"/>
<syscall name="read" number="4003"/>
<syscall name="write" number="4004"/>
<syscall name="open" number="4005"/>
<syscall name="close" number="4006"/>
<syscall name="waitpid" number="4007"/>
<syscall name="creat" number="4008"/>
<syscall name="link" number="4009"/>
<syscall name="unlink" number="4010"/>
<syscall name="execve" number="4011"/>
<syscall name="chdir" number="4012"/>
<syscall name="time" number="4013"/>
<syscall name="mknod" number="4014"/>
<syscall name="chmod" number="4015"/>
<syscall name="lchown" number="4016"/>
<syscall name="break" number="4017"/>
<syscall name="lseek" number="4019"/>
<syscall name="getpid" number="4020"/>
<syscall name="mount" number="4021"/>
<syscall name="umount" number="4022"/>
<syscall name="setuid" number="4023"/>
<syscall name="getuid" number="4024"/>
<syscall name="stime" number="4025"/>
<syscall name="ptrace" number="4026"/>
<syscall name="alarm" number="4027"/>
<syscall name="pause" number="4029"/>
<syscall name="utime" number="4030"/>
<syscall name="stty" number="4031"/>
<syscall name="gtty" number="4032"/>
<syscall name="access" number="4033"/>
<syscall name="nice" number="4034"/>
<syscall name="ftime" number="4035"/>
<syscall name="sync" number="4036"/>
<syscall name="kill" number="4037"/>
<syscall name="rename" number="4038"/>
<syscall name="mkdir" number="4039"/>
<syscall name="rmdir" number="4040"/>
<syscall name="dup" number="4041"/>
<syscall name="pipe" number="4042"/>
<syscall name="times" number="4043"/>
<syscall name="prof" number="4044"/>
<syscall name="brk" number="4045"/>
<syscall name="setgid" number="4046"/>
<syscall name="getgid" number="4047"/>
<syscall name="signal" number="4048"/>
<syscall name="geteuid" number="4049"/>
<syscall name="getegid" number="4050"/>
<syscall name="acct" number="4051"/>
<syscall name="umount2" number="4052"/>
<syscall name="lock" number="4053"/>
<syscall name="ioctl" number="4054"/>
<syscall name="fcntl" number="4055"/>
<syscall name="mpx" number="4056"/>
<syscall name="setpgid" number="4057"/>
<syscall name="ulimit" number="4058"/>
<syscall name="umask" number="4060"/>
<syscall name="chroot" number="4061"/>
<syscall name="ustat" number="4062"/>
<syscall name="dup2" number="4063"/>
<syscall name="getppid" number="4064"/>
<syscall name="getpgrp" number="4065"/>
<syscall name="setsid" number="4066"/>
<syscall name="sigaction" number="4067"/>
<syscall name="sgetmask" number="4068"/>
<syscall name="ssetmask" number="4069"/>
<syscall name="setreuid" number="4070"/>
<syscall name="setregid" number="4071"/>
<syscall name="sigsuspend" number="4072"/>
<syscall name="sigpending" number="4073"/>
<syscall name="sethostname" number="4074"/>
<syscall name="setrlimit" number="4075"/>
<syscall name="getrlimit" number="4076"/>
<syscall name="getrusage" number="4077"/>
<syscall name="gettimeofday" number="4078"/>
<syscall name="settimeofday" number="4079"/>
<syscall name="getgroups" number="4080"/>
<syscall name="setgroups" number="4081"/>
<syscall name="symlink" number="4083"/>
<syscall name="readlink" number="4085"/>
<syscall name="uselib" number="4086"/>
<syscall name="swapon" number="4087"/>
<syscall name="reboot" number="4088"/>
<syscall name="readdir" number="4089"/>
<syscall name="mmap" number="4090"/>
<syscall name="munmap" number="4091"/>
<syscall name="truncate" number="4092"/>
<syscall name="ftruncate" number="4093"/>
<syscall name="fchmod" number="4094"/>
<syscall name="fchown" number="4095"/>
<syscall name="getpriority" number="4096"/>
<syscall name="setpriority" number="4097"/>
<syscall name="profil" number="4098"/>
<syscall name="statfs" number="4099"/>
<syscall name="fstatfs" number="4100"/>
<syscall name="ioperm" number="4101"/>
<syscall name="socketcall" number="4102"/>
<syscall name="syslog" number="4103"/>
<syscall name="setitimer" number="4104"/>
<syscall name="getitimer" number="4105"/>
<syscall name="stat" number="4106"/>
<syscall name="lstat" number="4107"/>
<syscall name="fstat" number="4108"/>
<syscall name="iopl" number="4110"/>
<syscall name="vhangup" number="4111"/>
<syscall name="idle" number="4112"/>
<syscall name="vm86" number="4113"/>
<syscall name="wait4" number="4114"/>
<syscall name="swapoff" number="4115"/>
<syscall name="sysinfo" number="4116"/>
<syscall name="ipc" number="4117"/>
<syscall name="fsync" number="4118"/>
<syscall name="sigreturn" number="4119"/>
<syscall name="clone" number="4120"/>
<syscall name="setdomainname" number="4121"/>
<syscall name="uname" number="4122"/>
<syscall name="modify_ldt" number="4123"/>
<syscall name="adjtimex" number="4124"/>
<syscall name="mprotect" number="4125"/>
<syscall name="sigprocmask" number="4126"/>
<syscall name="create_module" number="4127"/>
<syscall name="init_module" number="4128"/>
<syscall name="delete_module" number="4129"/>
<syscall name="get_kernel_syms" number="4130"/>
<syscall name="quotactl" number="4131"/>
<syscall name="getpgid" number="4132"/>
<syscall name="fchdir" number="4133"/>
<syscall name="bdflush" number="4134"/>
<syscall name="sysfs" number="4135"/>
<syscall name="personality" number="4136"/>
<syscall name="afs_syscall" number="4137"/>
<syscall name="setfsuid" number="4138"/>
<syscall name="setfsgid" number="4139"/>
<syscall name="_llseek" number="4140"/>
<syscall name="getdents" number="4141"/>
<syscall name="_newselect" number="4142"/>
<syscall name="flock" number="4143"/>
<syscall name="msync" number="4144"/>
<syscall name="readv" number="4145"/>
<syscall name="writev" number="4146"/>
<syscall name="cacheflush" number="4147"/>
<syscall name="cachectl" number="4148"/>
<syscall name="sysmips" number="4149"/>
<syscall name="getsid" number="4151"/>
<syscall name="fdatasync" number="4152"/>
<syscall name="_sysctl" number="4153"/>
<syscall name="mlock" number="4154"/>
<syscall name="munlock" number="4155"/>
<syscall name="mlockall" number="4156"/>
<syscall name="munlockall" number="4157"/>
<syscall name="sched_setparam" number="4158"/>
<syscall name="sched_getparam" number="4159"/>
<syscall name="sched_setscheduler" number="4160"/>
<syscall name="sched_getscheduler" number="4161"/>
<syscall name="sched_yield" number="4162"/>
<syscall name="sched_get_priority_max" number="4163"/>
<syscall name="sched_get_priority_min" number="4164"/>
<syscall name="sched_rr_get_interval" number="4165"/>
<syscall name="nanosleep" number="4166"/>
<syscall name="mremap" number="4167"/>
<syscall name="accept" number="4168"/>
<syscall name="bind" number="4169"/>
<syscall name="connect" number="4170"/>
<syscall name="getpeername" number="4171"/>
<syscall name="getsockname" number="4172"/>
<syscall name="getsockopt" number="4173"/>
<syscall name="listen" number="4174"/>
<syscall name="recv" number="4175"/>
<syscall name="recvfrom" number="4176"/>
<syscall name="recvmsg" number="4177"/>
<syscall name="send" number="4178"/>
<syscall name="sendmsg" number="4179"/>
<syscall name="sendto" number="4180"/>
<syscall name="setsockopt" number="4181"/>
<syscall name="shutdown" number="4182"/>
<syscall name="socket" number="4183"/>
<syscall name="socketpair" number="4184"/>
<syscall name="setresuid" number="4185"/>
<syscall name="getresuid" number="4186"/>
<syscall name="query_module" number="4187"/>
<syscall name="poll" number="4188"/>
<syscall name="nfsservctl" number="4189"/>
<syscall name="setresgid" number="4190"/>
<syscall name="getresgid" number="4191"/>
<syscall name="prctl" number="4192"/>
<syscall name="rt_sigreturn" number="4193"/>
<syscall name="rt_sigaction" number="4194"/>
<syscall name="rt_sigprocmask" number="4195"/>
<syscall name="rt_sigpending" number="4196"/>
<syscall name="rt_sigtimedwait" number="4197"/>
<syscall name="rt_sigqueueinfo" number="4198"/>
<syscall name="rt_sigsuspend" number="4199"/>
<syscall name="pread64" number="4200"/>
<syscall name="pwrite64" number="4201"/>
<syscall name="chown" number="4202"/>
<syscall name="getcwd" number="4203"/>
<syscall name="capget" number="4204"/>
<syscall name="capset" number="4205"/>
<syscall name="sigaltstack" number="4206"/>
<syscall name="sendfile" number="4207"/>
<syscall name="getpmsg" number="4208"/>
<syscall name="putpmsg" number="4209"/>
<syscall name="mmap2" number="4210"/>
<syscall name="truncate64" number="4211"/>
<syscall name="ftruncate64" number="4212"/>
<syscall name="stat64" number="4213"/>
<syscall name="lstat64" number="4214"/>
<syscall name="fstat64" number="4215"/>
<syscall name="pivot_root" number="4216"/>
<syscall name="mincore" number="4217"/>
<syscall name="madvise" number="4218"/>
<syscall name="getdents64" number="4219"/>
<syscall name="fcntl64" number="4220"/>
<syscall name="gettid" number="4222"/>
<syscall name="readahead" number="4223"/>
<syscall name="setxattr" number="4224"/>
<syscall name="lsetxattr" number="4225"/>
<syscall name="fsetxattr" number="4226"/>
<syscall name="getxattr" number="4227"/>
<syscall name="lgetxattr" number="4228"/>
<syscall name="fgetxattr" number="4229"/>
<syscall name="listxattr" number="4230"/>
<syscall name="llistxattr" number="4231"/>
<syscall name="flistxattr" number="4232"/>
<syscall name="removexattr" number="4233"/>
<syscall name="lremovexattr" number="4234"/>
<syscall name="fremovexattr" number="4235"/>
<syscall name="tkill" number="4236"/>
<syscall name="sendfile64" number="4237"/>
<syscall name="futex" number="4238"/>
<syscall name="sched_setaffinity" number="4239"/>
<syscall name="sched_getaffinity" number="4240"/>
<syscall name="io_setup" number="4241"/>
<syscall name="io_destroy" number="4242"/>
<syscall name="io_getevents" number="4243"/>
<syscall name="io_submit" number="4244"/>
<syscall name="io_cancel" number="4245"/>
<syscall name="exit_group" number="4246"/>
<syscall name="lookup_dcookie" number="4247"/>
<syscall name="epoll_create" number="4248"/>
<syscall name="epoll_ctl" number="4249"/>
<syscall name="epoll_wait" number="4250"/>
<syscall name="remap_file_pages" number="4251"/>
<syscall name="set_tid_address" number="4252"/>
<syscall name="restart_syscall" number="4253"/>
<syscall name="fadvise64" number="4254"/>
<syscall name="statfs64" number="4255"/>
<syscall name="fstatfs64" number="4256"/>
<syscall name="timer_create" number="4257"/>
<syscall name="timer_settime" number="4258"/>
<syscall name="timer_gettime" number="4259"/>
<syscall name="timer_getoverrun" number="4260"/>
<syscall name="timer_delete" number="4261"/>
<syscall name="clock_settime" number="4262"/>
<syscall name="clock_gettime" number="4263"/>
<syscall name="clock_getres" number="4264"/>
<syscall name="clock_nanosleep" number="4265"/>
<syscall name="tgkill" number="4266"/>
<syscall name="utimes" number="4267"/>
<syscall name="mbind" number="4268"/>
<syscall name="get_mempolicy" number="4269"/>
<syscall name="set_mempolicy" number="4270"/>
<syscall name="mq_open" number="4271"/>
<syscall name="mq_unlink" number="4272"/>
<syscall name="mq_timedsend" number="4273"/>
<syscall name="mq_timedreceive" number="4274"/>
<syscall name="mq_notify" number="4275"/>
<syscall name="mq_getsetattr" number="4276"/>
<syscall name="vserver" number="4277"/>
<syscall name="waitid" number="4278"/>
<syscall name="add_key" number="4280"/>
<syscall name="request_key" number="4281"/>
<syscall name="keyctl" number="4282"/>
<syscall name="set_thread_area" number="4283"/>
<syscall name="inotify_init" number="4284"/>
<syscall name="inotify_add_watch" number="4285"/>
<syscall name="inotify_rm_watch" number="4286"/>
<syscall name="migrate_pages" number="4287"/>
<syscall name="openat" number="4288"/>
<syscall name="mkdirat" number="4289"/>
<syscall name="mknodat" number="4290"/>
<syscall name="fchownat" number="4291"/>
<syscall name="futimesat" number="4292"/>
<syscall name="fstatat64" number="4293"/>
<syscall name="unlinkat" number="4294"/>
<syscall name="renameat" number="4295"/>
<syscall name="linkat" number="4296"/>
<syscall name="symlinkat" number="4297"/>
<syscall name="readlinkat" number="4298"/>
<syscall name="fchmodat" number="4299"/>
<syscall name="faccessat" number="4300"/>
<syscall name="pselect6" number="4301"/>
<syscall name="ppoll" number="4302"/>
<syscall name="unshare" number="4303"/>
<syscall name="splice" number="4304"/>
<syscall name="sync_file_range" number="4305"/>
<syscall name="tee" number="4306"/>
<syscall name="vmsplice" number="4307"/>
<syscall name="move_pages" number="4308"/>
<syscall name="set_robust_list" number="4309"/>
<syscall name="get_robust_list" number="4310"/>
<syscall name="kexec_load" number="4311"/>
<syscall name="getcpu" number="4312"/>
<syscall name="epoll_pwait" number="4313"/>
<syscall name="ioprio_set" number="4314"/>
<syscall name="ioprio_get" number="4315"/>
<syscall name="utimensat" number="4316"/>
<syscall name="signalfd" number="4317"/>
<syscall name="timerfd" number="4318"/>
<syscall name="eventfd" number="4319"/>
<syscall name="fallocate" number="4320"/>
<syscall name="timerfd_create" number="4321"/>
<syscall name="timerfd_gettime" number="4322"/>
<syscall name="timerfd_settime" number="4323"/>
<syscall name="signalfd4" number="4324"/>
<syscall name="eventfd2" number="4325"/>
<syscall name="epoll_create1" number="4326"/>
<syscall name="dup3" number="4327"/>
<syscall name="pipe2" number="4328"/>
<syscall name="inotify_init1" number="4329"/>
<syscall name="preadv" number="4330"/>
<syscall name="pwritev" number="4331"/>
<syscall name="rt_tgsigqueueinfo" number="4332"/>
<syscall name="perf_event_open" number="4333"/>
<syscall name="accept4" number="4334"/>
<syscall name="recvmmsg" number="4335"/>
<syscall name="fanotify_init" number="4336"/>
<syscall name="fanotify_mark" number="4337"/>
<syscall name="prlimit64" number="4338"/>
</syscalls_info>

X86的syscall表在这里有:

http://syscalls.kernelgrok.com/

分类: 沙子 标签: , ,

无觅相关文章插件,快速提升流量