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debian包的结构和解包打包-从打包ubuntu12.10 linuxqq说起

2013年1月9日 发表评论 阅读评论


daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads$ sudo dpkg -i linuxqq_v1.0.2-beta1_i386.deb
[sudo] password for daohoo:
dpkg: error processing linuxqq_v1.0.2-beta1_i386.deb (--install):
 parsing file '/var/lib/dpkg/tmp.ci/control' near line 7 package 'linuxqq':
 error in Version string 'v1.0.2-beta1': version number does not start with digit
Errors were encountered while processing:

根据错误信息显示,不能安装的原因是新版的ubuntu要求版本号为数字开头,SB的腾讯却用v开头。因此,我猜想,只要重新打包即可(之前我通过重新打包的方法,也改过android QQ的尾巴)。过程如下:


daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads/linuxqq$ ar vx linuxqq_1.0.2_i386.deb
x - debian-binary
x - control.tar.gz
x - data.tar.gz


daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads/linuxqq$ tar -zxvf control.tar.gz


sed -i "s/v1.0/1.0/g" control


tar -zcvf control.tar.gz ./conffiles ./control


ar rcs linuxqq.deb debian-binary control.tar.gz data.tar.gz


sudo dpkg -i linuxqq.deb



daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads/linuxqq$ ls -l
total 4920
-rw-r--r-- 1 daohoo daohoo     442 Jan  9 20:50 control.tar.gz
-rw-r--r-- 1 daohoo daohoo 5027432 Jan  9 20:50 data.tar.gz
-rw-r--r-- 1 daohoo daohoo       4 Jan  9 20:50 debian-binary



daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads/linuxqq$ cat debian-binary




daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads/linuxqq$ tar -zxvf control.tar.gz


daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads/linuxqq$ cat control
Package: linuxqq
Priority: extra
Section: Internet
Installed-Size: 6264
Maintainer: Tencent Inc.
Architecture: i386
Version: v1.0.2-beta1
Depends: gtk2.0-binver-2.10.0, libc6, libcairo2, libglib2.0-0, libgtk2.0-0, libpango1.0-0
Description: QQ - The most popular free instant messaging program in China.
 * Chat with more than 590,000,000 people all over the world.
 * Free to download or distribute absolutely.




daohoo@daohoo-mbp:~/Downloads/linuxqq$ tar -zxvf data.tar.gz


最后,上传下打好包在ubuntu12.10可用的linux QQ debian包(出于安全考虑,对debian进行了重新打包)。

ubuntu12.10 可用linux QQ

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